Products: REFI-QDA Codebook

The first phase was to develop the REFI-QDA Codebook. A Codebook in a qualitative or mixed-methods project is a list of defined keywords/phrases that represent themes/concepts or other topics of interest to the researcher. These keywords/phrases are usually referred to as ‘codes’. In QDA software programs, codes can be linked to segments of data in the sources where they are identified. As well as listing codes in a Codebook, codes can also be organised in different ways depending on the software program being used.

Implementation of the REFI-QDA Codebook means that a Codebook developed in one of these software programs can be exported and then imported into any of the other programs listed below. Because there are differences in how each program functions with respect to codes and their organisation, users may experience some modifications upon importing a Codebook into a different program. For the current version ‘round-tripping’ has not been tested. Round-tripping means going from software 1 to software 2 and then from software 2 back to software 1.

The REFI-QDA Codebook is available for use as detailed in the table below. Testing undertaken by the REFI Coordination Group is indicated, where software was available within the scheduled testing period.


Software Directly involved in developing codebook exchange Tested by coordination group

REFI-QDA Codebook

ATLAS.ti Mac Yes Yes Yes
ATLAS.ti Windows Yes No Yes
Dedoose No No Yes
f4analyse Linux Yes No Yes
f4analyse Mac Yes Yes Yes
f4 analyse Windows Yes No Yes
HyperRESEARCH Mac No No Yes
HyperRESEARCH Windows No No Yes
MAXQDA Mac No Yes Yes
MAXQDA Windows No No Yes
NVivo Mac Yes Yes Yes
NVivo Windows Yes No Yes
QDA Miner Windows Yes Yes Yes
QualCoder No No Yes
Quirkos Linux Yes No Yes
Quirkos Mac Yes No Yes
Quirkos Windows Yes Yes Yes
Taguette No No Export 
Transana Mac Yes No Yes
Transana Windows Yes Yes Yes